Ngapuhi Speaks, by Independent Panel

Ngapuhi Speaks, by Independent Panel (Biography)

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Ngāpuhi Speaks 

- a challenge to the history we’ve received

Note: the final index for this title can be downloaded here.

Ngāpuhi Speaks is an independent report about He Wakaputanga o Te Rangatiratanga o Nu Tireni (1835) & Te Tiriti o Waitangi (1840), published in November, 2012.  It summarises and assesses the Ngāpuhi Nui Tonu evidence given at the Initial Hearing of their Waitangi Tribunal claim (WAI 1040).  The authors found that the knowledge presented by Ngāpuhi Nui Tonu gives New Zealanders crucial new insights into the history of our country.

The chiefs had no doubts about their own mana ... Our tupuna signed He Whakaputanga and Te Tiriti so that their power and authority could be recognised and provided for. They would never give their power and authority away, or forego their way of life.

Hori Parata, Ngāti Wai, p. 153, Ngapuhi Speaks


Ngāpuhi Speaks is a significant new contribution to New Zealand historiography and Treaty studies.  The independent report provides academics and researchers with evidence for new positionings and critiques, for instance:  


1. New positioning of our history – while the WAI 262 report speaks of two founding nations, Ngāpuhi Speaks begins with Māori hāpu as founding nations. 

2. New background to He Wakaputanga and Te Tiriti – Ngāpuhi Speaks records oral histories of the tupuna’s intentions for their constitutional relationship with foreigners. 

3. New evidence about Te Wakaminenga (1808 onwards) as the general assembly of rangatira into which Hobson would be accommodated, with powers deputed from the rangatira.

4. Contrasts in worldviews held by people who are guardians of the land, and those relying on monarchical powers, wherein the monarch , or Crown, owns all the land and sea. 

5. Contrasts in positioning authority – in the Maori system, power and leaders were accountable, whereas the Crown saw itself as unrestrained and non-accountable.  

6. Contrasts in positioning legitimacy – since the treaty was signed, the Crown (as guests) determined what counted as legitimacy without reference to the people of the land, and so reached wrong conclusions about what actually happened in He Wakaputanga (1835) and Te Tiriti o Waitangi (1840).

Takawai Murphy, Dr. Susan Healy and Dr. Ingrid Huygens were members of the independent panel who prepared the report, with Hori Parata as kaitiaki. 

The panel and kaitiaki are available to provide tertiary level seminars about the report.

Contact Dr. Ingrid Huygens 07 839 3817

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Tags: Biography, Memoir